This report is drawn from recent open source reporting

Increase in Homographic Phishing Attacks

Recent media reporting highlights a threefold increase in homographic phishing attacks over the past fourteen months.

Homographic attacks have been widely known about for many years, and rely on the fact there are visual similarities between many different Unicode characters to spoof well-known web addresses using similar-looking Punycode domains. For example, by registering the Unicode domain “www.xn--googl-z8a.com” an attacker would be in control of a web address, which will render in browsers as “www.googlė.com”, almost indistinguishable from the real thing.

Moreover, researchers have recently demonstrated they can use this technique to convert Unicode into ASCII characters in some browsers. By choosing letters from a single foreign language set, an attacker can register a domain that looks identical to a targeted one when rendered by vulnerable browsers. For example, proving the concept, a researcher recently registered the domain name “xn--80ak6aa92e.com”, which renders as “apple.com”.

Mitigations such as using password managers can help users spot fake websites, and therefore help mitigate this threat. In addition, email anti-spoofing measures can help prevent phishing email attacks from reaching users in the first place.


Vulnerabilities

An altogether quieter week than we have seen for a while on the vulnerabilities front. There were a number of updates from Cisco for IOS, ASA, Prime Infrastructure and Prime Network Registrar to fix cross-site scripting attacks, denial of service or target restart vulnerabilities. IBM updated WebSphere and Security Guardium this week to fix escalation of privilege bugs and also updated Domino to fix a remote code execution bug.

Palo Alto fixed an input validation flaw in PAN-OS to prevent cross-site scripting attacks and F5 Networks fixed a denial of service bug in BIG-IP and let users know about a bug in F5 Enterprise Manager which could lead to denial of service conditions, but for which no fix is currently available.

Elsewhere there were updates for Adobe ColdFusion, Apache Batik, Novell NetIQ and cURL/libcurl.

In terms of Debian this week there were updates for MySQL, Python-Django, Icedove/Thunderbird and libav.

Also a quiet week with regard to ICS-specific updates with just two: one for BLF-Tech and one for Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven.

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